Introduction to CSS

What is CSS?

  • CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets
  • CSS describes how HTML elements are to be displayed on screen,  print out paper, or in other media

Advantages of CSS

  • CSS saves lots of time ? You write CSS once and then reuse same code in multiple HTML pages. You can define a style for each HTML element and apply it to as many Web pages as you want.

  • Reduce Page size and Loads Site Faster ? If you are using CSS, you do not need to write HTML style tag attributes every time. Just write one CSS rule of a tag and apply it to all the occurrences of that tag. So less code means page size is small thus making it load/open faster.

  • Quick Update and Maintenance ? To make a global change, simply change the style at one place, and all elements in all the web pages will be updated automatically wherever the reference code is linked and is used.

  • Enhances HTML Look and Feel ? CSS will change the look and feel of site in absolutely freaking way , allowing you to present your content in much attractive ways.

  • Responsive World ? Style sheets allow content to be optimized for more than one type of device. By using the same HTML document, different versions of a website can be presented for handheld devices such as PDAs , Mobile/Tablet or for printing.

Who Creates and Maintains CSS?

CSS was invited by Håkon Wium Lie on October 10, 1994 and maintained through a group of people within the W3C called the CSS Working Group. The CSS Working Group creates documents called specifications. When a specification has been discussed and officially ratified by W3C members, it becomes a recommendation.

Let's go deep inside CSS Sea and explore the awesomeness it has to give.

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